With the formation
of the territory of Utah in 1850, Young was appointed its first territorial
governor, a post which he held until 1857. But relations between Young
and the federal government were less than ideal, particularly in wake
of the Mormon Church's public acknowledgment of polygamy in 1852. By
1857 relations between Young and the federal government had deteriorated
to the point that President James Buchanan dispatched United States
Army troops to Utah to ensure the seating of a new territorial governor,
resulting in a bloodless skirmish known as the Utah War.
Young and federal officials remained high over the next several years,
with a variety of actions directed against Young and his followers;
these actions included the federal dispatch to Utah of a second armed
force in 1862 (this one composed of California Volunteers) and their
establishment in Salt Lake City, the enactment of the Morrell Anti-bigamy
Act in 1962, and the passage in 1874 of the more severe Poland Act.
Young, himself, was subjected to house arrest for several weeks in 1872
and jailed briefly in March 1875.