utilized his business talents in an effort to promote Mormon self-sufficiency.
He supervised the formation of the Zions Cooperative Mercantile Institution
(the basis for the later ZCMI Department Stores) and the establishment
of several self-sufficient cooperative communities known as the United
Order of Enoch. In undertaking these enterprises, he was seeking to
protect and insulate his followers and their distinctive practices (particularly
polygamy) from both the actions of an increasingly assertive federal
government as well as those of the ever larger number of non-Mormons
who had moved into the Great Basin.
efforts were less than successful, particularly in light of larger forces
that were bringing the economy of the Great Basin more and more into
the mainstream of the larger American economy, a development beyond
the control of any one man. Brigham Young died in the midst of such
developments on 29 August 1877 of complications resulting from apparent
J. Arrington, Brigham Young: American Moses (1985); Newell G. Bringhurst,
Brigham Young and the Expanding American Frontier (1986); Dean C. Jessee,
ed., Letters of Brigham Young to his Sons (1974); Richard F. Palmer
and Karl D. Butler, Brigham Young: The New York Years (1982); Eugene
England, Brother Brigham (1980); M. R. Werner, Brigham Young (1925);
and Ray B. West, Kingdom of the Saints: The Story of Brigham Young and
the Mormons (1957).
Newell G. Bringhurst