a Mormon pioneer settler, explored the area around Box Elder Creek in
1850 and returned the following year with his family and two other families
to take up permanent residence. By the fall of 1853, eight families
with a total of twenty-four people lived in the settlement.
In the October
1853 Mormon general conference, church president Brigham Young directed Lorenzo Snow, an apostle in the church, to take fifty families to the
Box Elder area and develop a cooperative system in which the community
would become self-sufficient, producing all that they consumed. Snow
chose artisans skilled in trades important to the development of a pioneer
community. Most were Mormon converts from Denmark.
Snow became the
political and ecclesiastical leader of the community. In 1855 he had
the town plat surveyed, renamed the settlement Brigham City after church
president Brigham Young, and encouraged the people to build permanent
homes. Several small businesses were established during the 1850s, and
the Box Elder County Courthouse, under construction from 1855 to 1857,
was used for city and county business, theatrical productions, and religious
meetings until church buildings could be built.