CLIMATE AND THE ECONOMY – Utah is not a large agricultural state, even through appreciable crops, livestock, and dairy products are produced within its boundaries. Only four percent of the land is under cultivation, but approximately 35 percent of the land area is utilized for livestock grazing purposes. Livestock represent the largest portion of cash farm income within the State. The largest crop is wheat, most of it being “winter” or “dryland” wheat. Other principal crops are barley, oats, hay, potatoes, corn, and sugar beets. Lesser crops include other grains, fruits, vegetables, berries, melons, dry beans, and alfalfa and sugar beets for seed. Range feeds and dryland crops in nonirrigable areas, particularly in the southern portion, often suffer from lack of moisture.
Mining and manufacturing are the two other basic industries in Utah. The State ranks high in the quantity and value of minerals it produces each year, mainly copper, lead, zinc, gold, and silver. Because of the dry climate, several companies have found it economically feasible to produce salt from the brine of the Great Salt Lake by the evaporation process.