The Colonization of Utah Utah
Taken from the Utah History Encyclopedia (Links Added)

Although there were many variations, the colonizing effort took one of two main forms: direct or nondirected. Colonies that were directed were planned, organized, and dispatched by leaders of the LDS Church. There was preliminary exploration of the area by companies appointed, equipped, and supported by the LDS Church; a colonizing company was organized and persons appointed to constitute it, and a leader appointed; and instructions were given by church leaders on the "mission" of the colony--to raise crops, herd livestock, assist Indians, mine coal, and/or serve as a way station for groups on their way to and from California. In cooperative ventures the colonists located a site for settlement, apportioned the land, obtained wood from the canyons, dug diversion canals from existing creeks, erected fences around the cultivable land, built a community meetinghouse-schoolhouse, and developed available mineral resources, if any. Their homes were built near each other in what was called a Mormon fort--Mormon village pattern of settlement. This enabled them to enjoy a healthy social life, with dances each Friday evening, and occasional locally produced vocal and instrumental recitals, plays, and festivals. Ward schools were held each winter and at Sunday School. The women's Relief Society, young people's groups, and worship services met each week.

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