1. [Power vested in senate and house.] The Legislative power of the
State shall be vested in a Senate and House of Representatives, which
shall be designated The Legislature of the State of Utah.
2. [Time of regular sessions.] Regular Sessions of the Legislature shall
be held bi-ennially at the seat of government; and, except the first
session thereof shall begin on the second Monday in January next after
the election of members of the House of Representatives.
3. [Members, how and when chosen.] The members of the House of Representatives,
after the first election, shall be chosen by the qualified electors
of the respective representative districts, on the first Tuesday after
the first Monday in November, 1896, and biennially thereafter. Their
term of office shall be two years, from the first day of January next
after their election.
4. [Senators, how and when chosen.] The senators shall be chosen by
the qualified electors of the respective senatorial districts, at the
same times and places as members of the House of Representatives, and
their term of office shall be four years from the first day of January
next after their election: Provided, That the senators elected in 1896
shall be divided by lot into two classes as nearly equal as may be;
seats of senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration
of two years, and those of the second class at the expiration of four
years; so that one-half, as nearly as possible, shall be chosen biennially
thereafter. In case of increase in the number of senators, they shall
be annexed by lot to one or the other of the two classes, so as to keep
them nearly equal as practicable.
5. [Who eligible as legislator.] No person shall be eligible to the
office of senator or representative, who is not a citizen of the United
States, twenty-five years of age, a qualified voter in the district
from which he is chosen, a resident for three years of the State, and
for one year of the district from which he is elected.
6. [Who ineligible.] No person holding any public office of profit or
trust under authority of the United States, or of this State, shall
be a member of the Legislature: Provided, That appointments in the State
Militia, and the offices of notary public, justice of the peace, United
States commissioner, and postmaster of the fourth class, shall not,
within the meaning of this section, be considered offices of profit
7. [Ineligibility of member to office created, etc.] No member of the
Legislature, during the term for which he was elected, shall be appointed
or elected to any civil office of profit under this State, which shall
have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased,
during the term for which he was elected.
8. [Privilege from arrest.] Members of the Legislature, in all cases
except treason, felony or breach of the peace, shall be privileged from
arrest during each session of the Legislature, for fifteen days next
preceding each session, and in returning therefrom; and for words used
in any speech or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned
in any other place.
9. [Compensation of members.] The members of the Legislature shall receive
such per diem and mileage as the Legislature may provide, not exceeding
four dollars per day, and ten cents per mile for the distance necessarily
traveled going to and returning from the place of meeting on the most
usual route, and they shall receive no other pay or perquisite.
10. [Each house to judge of election, etc., of its members. Expulsion.]
Each house shall be the judge of the election and qualifications of
its members, and may punish them for disorderly conduct, and with the
concurrence of two-thirds of all the members elected, expel a member
11. [Majority is quorum. Attendance compelled.] A majority of the members
of each house shall constitute a quorum to transact business, but a
smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may compel the attendance
of absent members in such manner and under such penalties as each house
12. [Rules. Choosing officers.] Each house shall determine the rules
of its proceedings and choose its own officers and employees.
13. [Elections to fill vacancies.] The Governor shall issue writs of
election to fill vacancies that may occur in either house of the Legislature.
14. [Journals. Yeas and nays.] Each house shall keep a journal of its
proceedings, which, except in case of executive sessions, shall be published,
and the yeas and nays on any question, at the request of five members
of such house, shall be entered upon the journal.
15. [Sessions to be public. Adjournments.] All sessions of the Legislature,
except those of the Senate while sitting in executive session, shall
be public; and neither house, without the consent of the other, shall
adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in
which it may be holding session.
16. [Duration of sessions.] No regular session of the Legislature (except
the first, which may sit ninety days) shall exceed sixty days, except
in cases of impeachment. No special session shall exceed thirty days,
and in such special session, or when a regular session of the Legislature
trying cases of impeachment exceeds sixty days, the members shall receive
for compensation only the usual per diem and mileage.
17. [Impeachment by house.] The House of Representatives shall have
the sole power of impeachment, but in order to impeach, two-thirds of
all the members elected must vote therefor.
18. [Id. Trial by Senate.] All impeachments shall be tried by the Senate,
and senators, when sitting for that purpose, shall take oath or make
affirmation to do justice according to the law and the evidence. When
the Governor is on trial, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall
preside. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds
of the senators elected.
19. [Id. Judgment. Prosecution by law.] The Governor and other State
and Judicial officers, except justices of the peace, shall be liable
to impeachment for high crimes, misdemeanors, or malfeasance in office;
but judgment in such cases shall extend only to removal from office
and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust or profit in
the State. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall, nevertheless,
be liable to prosecution, trial and punishment according to law.
20. [Id. Service of articles.] No person shall be tried on impeachment,
unless he shall have been served with a copy of the articles thereof,
at least ten days before the trial, and after such service he shall
not exercise the duties of his office until he shall have been acquitted.
21. [Removal of officers.] All officers not liable to impeachment shall
be removed for any of the offenses specified in this article, in such
manner as may be provided by law.
22. [Enacting clause. Passage and amendments of law.] The enacting clause
of every law shall be: "Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State
of Utah," and no bill or joint resolution shall be passed, except with
the assent of the majority of all the members elected to each house
of the Legislature and after it has been read three times. The vote
upon the final passage of all bills shall be by yeas and nays; and no
law shall be revised or amended by reference to its title only; but
the act as revised, or section amended, shall be re-enacted and published
23. [Bill to contain only one subject.] Except general appropriation
bills, and bills for the codification and general revision of laws,
no bill shall be passed containing more than one subject, which shall
be clearly expressed in its title.
24. [Presiding officers to sign bills.] The presiding officer of each
house, in the presence of the house over which he presides, shall sign
all bills and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature, after their
titles have been publicly read immediately before signing, and the fact
of such signing shall be entered upon the journal.
25. [When acts take effect.] All acts shall be officially published,
and no act shall take effect until so published; nor until sixty days
after the adjournment of the session at which it passed, unless the
Legislature by a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each
house, shall otherwise direct.
26. [Enumeration of private laws forbidden.] The Legislature is prohibited
from enacting any private or special laws in the following cases:
Changing the names of persons or places, or constituting one person
the heir-at-law of another.
Locating or changing county seats.
Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of Justices of the Peace.
Punishing crimes and misdemeanors.
Regulating the practice of courts of justice.
Providing for a change of venue in civil or criminal actions.
Assessing and collecting taxes.
Regulating the interest on money.
Changing the law of descent or succession.
Regulating county and township affairs.
Incorporating cities, town or villages; changing or amending the charter
of any city, town or village; laying out, opening, vacating or altering
town plats, highways, streets, wards, alleys or public grounds.
Providing for sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to minors or
others under disability.
Authorizing persons to keep ferries across streams within the State.
Remitting fines, penalties or forfeitures.
Granting to an individual, association or corporation any privilege,
immunity or franchise.
Providing for the management of common schools.
Creating, increasing or decreasing fees, percentages or allowances of
public officers during the term for which said officers are elected
Legislature may repeal any existing special law relating to the foregoing
all cases where a general law can be applicable, no special law shall
in this section shall be construed to deny or restrict the power of
the legislature to establish and regulate the compensation of fees of
county and township officers; to establish and regulate the rates of
freight, passage, toll and charges of railroads, toll roads, ditch,
flume and tunnel companies, incorporated under the laws of the State
or doing business therein.
27. [Legislature cannot release certain debts.] The Legislature shall
have no power to release or extinguish, in whole or in part, the indebtedness,
liability or obligation of any corporation or person to the state, or
to any municipal corporation therein.
28. [Lotteries forbidden.] The Legislature shall not authorize any game
of chance, lottery or gift enterprise under any pretense or for any
29. [Municipal powers not to be delegated.] The legislature shall not
delegate to any special commission, private corporation or association,
any power to make, supervise or interfere with any municipal improvement,
money, property or effects, whether held in trust or otherwise, to levy
taxes, to select a capitol site, or to perform any municipal functions.
30. [Extra compensation to officers and contractors forbidden.] The
Legislature shall have no power to grant, or authorize any county or
municipal authority to grant, any extra compensation, fee or allowance
to any public officer, agent, servant or contractor, after service has
been rendered or a contract has been entered into and performed in whole
or in part, nor pay or authorize the payment of any claim hereafter
created against the State, or any county or municipality of the State,
under any agreement or contract made without authority of law: Provided,
That this section shall not apply to claims incurred by public officers
in the execution of the laws of the State.
31. [Lending public credit forbidden.] The Legislature shall not authorize
the State, or any county, city, town, township, district or other political
subdivision of the State to lend its credit or subscribe to stock or
bonds in aid of any railroad, telegraph or other private individual
or corporate enterprise or undertaking.