by the mild climate and abundance of grazing land, the settlers raised
cattle and sheep. Dairying, timber harvesting, and mining were also
important to the economy of the settlement. Escalante remained an outpost
on the Mormon frontier for many years and was the last community through
which the famous Hole-in-the Rock expedition passed in 1879 on its epic
six-month journey to the San Juan River in southeastern Utah.
with beautiful topography, fertile lands, and a relatively long growing
season, Escalante has been called the "Land of the Sleeping Rainbow."
The early pioneer settlers built more than fifty homes of native brick
which stand as a legacy today. The town was laid out on the "Zion Plan,"
with four homes to the block and ten-acre farms surrounding it. Wide
streets and neatly landscaped yards with corrals and barns are still
characteristic of the town. Home industries, including gardening, home
canning, livestock raising, quilting and making of handicrafts continue
as a rich part of the community life.