Gold Hill (Tooele) is on Gold Hill Wash, three miles southeast of Woodman Peak. Near-by towns include Ibapah, five miles to the south/southwest, Callao (Juab) 24.5 miles south and Wendover 61.9 miles to the north. The Pony Express Tail ran just south on the way to Callao.
Gold had been first discovered here in 1858 resulting in the first mining boom in the area. A near-by mountain, after which the town was named, yielded many minerals including silver, gold, copper, lead, tungsten, bismuth and arsenic. By 1869 the small settlement consisted of dugouts and shacks made of cedar and willow post. In 1892 the town of Gold Hill was established.
The year 1917 brought the Deep Creek Railroad into Gold Hill and a smelter was constructed. There was a need for arsenic used to control an infestation of insects in the cotton fields of The South during World War I. Almost 100,000 tons of arsenic were mined from 1943 to 1945 and boosted the population of Gold Hill to over 3,000. However, cheaper arsenic prices from abroad cooled that endeavor.