In 1970 the Indian population of Utah
was 11,273--an increase from 6,961 in 1960. In 1980 there were 19,158 Native Americans, who were finally approaching the estimated 20,000 Indians
inhabiting the state at the time of Mormon
are the most populous group in the state, followed by the Northern Ute
. Today, a significant proportion of Utah's Indians live and work in urban centers and represent tribal groups from throughout North America.
See: Beverly Beeton, "Teach Them to Till the Soil: An Experiment with Indian Farms, 1850-1862," American Indian Quarterly 3 (Winter 1977-78); Pamela Bunte and Robert J. Franklin, From the Sands to the Mountain: A Study of Change and Persistence in a Southern Paiute Community (1986); Howard Christy, "Open Hand and Mailed Fist: Mormon-Indian Relations in Utah, 1847-52,"Utah Historical Quarterly 46 (Summer 1978); Fred A. Conetah, A History of the Northern Ute People (1982); "Utah Indians," Utah Historical Quarterly 39 (Spring 1971); Joseph G. Jorgensen, The Sun Dance Religion: Power for the Powerless (1972); Dale L. Morgan, "The Administration of Indian Affairs in Utah, 1851-1858," Pacific Historical Review 17 (November 1948); Floyd O'Neil and Stanford J. Layton, "Of Pride and Politics: Brigham Young as Indian Superintendent," Utah Historical Quarterly 46 (Summer 1978); Helen Z. Papanikolas, ed., The Peoples of Utah (1976); Francis Paul Prucha, The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians (1984); S. Lyman Tyler, "The Earliest Peoples," and "The Indians of Utah Territory, inUtah's History, ed. by Richard Poll, et al. (1989); Richard O. Ulibarri, "Utah's Unassimilated Minorities," in Utah's History, Richard Poll, et al. (1989).
David Rich Lewis