prehistoric residents, part of the Sevier Culture which disappeared
ca. A.D. 1300, lived in small villages with semi-subterranean dwellings.
Historic Indian groups of the area include Southern Paiutes, Pahvant
Utes, and Goshutes. A small Indian reservation is located at Kanosh.
In October 1851
two groups left Salt Lake City for eastern Millard County. Some thirty
families led by Anson Call made the first permanent white settlement,
while territorial officials, including Governor Brigham Young and surveyor
Jesse W. Fox, selected a site for the capital, Fillmore being near the
geographical center of Utah Territory. The legislature met in Fillmore
a few times, but in December 1856 it voted to move the capital to Salt
Lake City because Fillmore was too far from major cities.
On 26 October
1853 seven members of a transcontinental railroad survey team led by
Lieutenant John W. Gunnison of the Army Corps of Topographical Engineers
were killed by Indians southwest of Delta, a tragic incident in the Walker War (1853-54) that was apparently triggered by the actions of
a group of emigrants against the Indians.