History of Coal Mining in Utah
Taken from the Utah History Encyclopedia. (Links Added)

The recession of the 1990s, exacerbated by environmental concerns and growing mechanization, has increased local unemployment despite fairly steady production levels. The last coal company, Hiawatha, is falling to bulldozers. Paradoxically, Utah coal's strengthening economic ties to the region and nation have lessened industrial involvement in Utah's coal district, ending the local reign of "King Coal."

See: Allan Kent Powell, The Next Time We Strike: Labor in Utah's Coal Fields, 1900-1933 (1985); Floyd A. O'Neil, "Victims of Demand: The Vagaries of the Carbon County Coal Industry," in Philip F. Notarianni, ed., Carbon County: Eastern Utah's Industrialized Island (1981); Thomas G. Alexander, "From Dearth to Deluge: Utah's Coal Industry," Utah Historical Quarterly (Summer 1963); and Helen Z. Papanikolas, "Utah's Coal Lands: A Vital Example of How America Became A Great Nation," Utah Historical Quarterly (Spring 1975).

Nancy J. Taniguchi

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