16 July 1846 some 543 men enlisted in the Mormon Battalion. From among
these men Brigham Young selected the commissioned officers; they included
Jefferson Hunt, Captain of Company A; Jesse D. Hunter, Captain of Company
B; James Brown, Captain of Company C; Nelson Higgins, Captain of Company
D; and Daniel C. Davis, Captain of Company E. Among the most prominent
non-Mormon military officers immediately associated with the battalion
march were Lt. Col. James Allen, First Lt. Andrew Jackson Smith, Lt.
Col. Philip St. George Cooke, and Dr. George Sanderson. Also accompanying
the battalion were approximately thirty-three women, twenty of whom
served as laundresses, and fifty-one children.
battalion marched from Council Bluffs on 20 July 1846, arriving on 1
August 1846 at Fort Leavenworth (Kansas), where they were outfitted
for their trek to Santa Fe. Battalion members drew their arms and accoutrements,
as well as a clothing allowance of forty-two dollars, at the fort. Since
a military uniform was not mandatory, many of the soldiers sent their
clothing allowances to their families in the encampments in Iowa.