Paiutes had friendly relations with both Navajos and Utes (traditional
enemies of the Navajos), and frequently served as a bridge between the
two. They began losing their traditional lands between Navajo Mountain
and Kayenta in 1884. Over the years, the Navajo succeeded in getting
Paiute holdings added to their reservation. In the 1980s, the Paiutes
asked to be recognized as a distinct Indian tribe.
number of people have found refuge in the isolated canyons surrounding
Navajo Mountain. In 1859 Mormon pioneer Jacob Hamblin found safety in
Spaneshanks's camp south of Navajo Mountain, after a party of four Navajos
had killed George A. Smith. Hashkeniini evaded Kit Carson's army troops
with a party of seventeen men, women, and children, finding sanctuary
near the mountain. In 1892 Chach'osh settled at Navajo Mountain after
shooting Mormon Lot Smith near Tuba City for killing sheep belonging
to his relatives.