S.I. Richardson claimed the road he built in 1924 from Red Lake to Navajo
Mountain followed an ancient "Ute War Trail." The road was bitterly
opposed by rival traders and their Navajo allies from Shonto and Kayenta.
In the 1930s local men hired by the CCC rebuilt and shortened sections
of the road. Additional improvements and an extension to Paiute Mesa
followed in 1960. In 1988 the Navajo tribal government began paving
sections of the road. Anglo acculturation is discreetly traveling down
this road in the beds of wagons and pickup trucks.
Mary Shepardson and Blodwen Hammond, The Navajo Mountain Community (1970);
Robert S. McPherson, The Northern Navajo Frontier 1860-1900: Expansion
through Adversity (1988); Gladwell Richardson, Navajo Trader (1986);
Pamela A. Bunte and Robert Franklin, From The Sands to the Mountains:
Change and Persistence in a Southern Paiute Community (1987).