Park City Mining District comprises a tract that lies between the steep
wall and ledges that mark the crest of the mountain range on the west
and the mountain meadows of Heber, Kamas, and Parleys Canyon along the
eastern foothills. Some thirty miles southeast of Salt Lake City, Park
City is situated on an intermediate belt that sits upon a spur which
extends from Dayton Peak, in the main range to the east, and which forms
the head of East Canyon, divides the Weber from the Provo river, and
is the link between the Wasatch Range and the Uinta uplift. It is located
in Summit County.
23 December 1869 the Young American lode became the first recorded claim
of the district. However, it was the discovery of the rich Ontario mine
that initiated efforts to mine lode ores and acted as the catalyst for
Park City's rapid growth and reputation as a great silver mining camp.
In 1872, shortly after its discovery, the mine was sold for $27,000
to George Hearst of San Francisco, and was run by R.C. Chambers until
1901. It reportedly produced some $50,000,000 of ore. The Pinon, Walker
and Webster, Flagstaff, McHenry, Buckeye, and other area mines also
shipped small amounts of ore. By 1879 the Ontario mine was flourishing,
with houses springing up near the mine and lower down the canyon--the
site of Park City.