financial difficulties and some doubts about her ability to complete
the degree, Ellis passed her first-year examinations and returned home
to Utah. She returned for her second year, pregnant and without money.
By taking sewing jobs and guarding the hall of cadavers at night she
earned enough to cover her tuition and living expenses. Her sixth child,
a daughter, was born in the spring of her second year in Philadelphia,
and mother and child did not return to Utah until after her third year,
when she graduated with high honors and a Doctor of Medicine degree.
home in Utah, Ellis established her own practice and during her career
delivered more than 5,000 children. The School of Nursing and Obstetrics,
which she founded in 1879, trained five hundred women who became licensed
midwives. She continued her study of medicine with graduate courses
at the University of Michigan Medical School in 1893. Her medical career
lasted more than fifty years and she continued to teach obstetrics classes
into her eighties.