actions simply accelerated developments of the previous twenty years,
and the next two or three decades were a watershed in Salt Lake's history.
The balance shifted during those years. By the 1920s, as Dale Morgan
says, the city no longer offered the alternative to Babylon it once
had, and the modern city had essentially emerged. The process has continued
to the present, with Salt Lake City increasingly reflecting national
Utah became urbanized at about the same rate as the United States as
a whole, Salt Lake faced the problems of urbanization and industrialization
at the same time they were surfacing elsewhere, and it responded in
similar ways. During the Progressive Era, for example, it established
a regulated vice district on the west side, undertook a city beautification
program, adopted the commission form of government in 1911, and that
same year elected a socialist, Henry Lawrence, as city commissioner.
The city languished through the 1920s, as the depressed conditions of
mining and agriculture affected its prosperity. The Great Depression
of the 1930s hit harder in Utah than it did in the nation as a whole.
Salt Lake correspondingly suffered, making clear its close relationship
with the world around it and its vulnerability to the fluctuations of
the national economy; and New Deal programs were correspondingly important
in both city and state.