Passage of the Edmunds Law in 1882, severely penalizing polygamists, led President Taylor to establish Mormon colonies of refuge in Mexico and Canada. Taylor refused to abandon the Mormon practice of plural marriage despite the increased pressure from U.S. authorities. He was forced into hiding--"on the underground," as the Mormons called it--to avoid arrest and imprisonment. He married fifteen wives and had thirty-five children. He withdrew from public view in 1885 and died in hiding while in Kaysville, Utah, on 25 July 1887. His motto was "The Kingdom of God or Nothing."
See: Francis M. Gibbons, John Taylor, Mormon Philosopher, Prophet of God (1985); B.H. Roberts, The Life of John Taylor (1892); John Taylor, Gospel Kingdom (1943); Samuel W. Taylor, The Kingdom or Nothing (1976); John Taylor, The John Taylor Papers (1984).
Paul Thomas Smith