In about 1888
Gilsonite was discovered in various parts of the county and on the eastern
portion of the Uncompahgre and Uintah reservations. Miners quickly persuaded
the federal government to withdraw 7,000 acres from the Uintah Reservation so that they could legally mine Gilsonite. This area, called "The Strip,"
for a time lacked any law and order.
economy rests on farming, ranching, and the removal of oil and gas.
It is increasingly influenced by worldwide energy prices.
High School located in Vernal and Union High School, which serves
residents of both Uintah and Duchesne County, is located exactly on
the county boundary on the eastern edge of Roosevelt.
The county's largest celebration is the Outlaw Festival, a month-long
festival held each summer in Vernal which celebrates the Old West traditions
and folklore that were part of the history of Uintah County.