identified the remains of extinct Pleistocene-epoch species, including
the sloth, horse, bison, and camel, in Wayne County, and dated Archaic
and Fremont Indian sites (Cowboy Caves) as having been occupied between
6300 B.C. and A.D. 450. Horseshoe (Barrier) Canyon and the Maze section
of Canyonlands in eastern Wayne contain spectacular pictographs. In
historic times the county was part of the Ute Indians' domain.
Wayne was created
in May 1892 from Piute County. Most of the towns in Wayne were settled
after 1880 because of the remote location and limited resources. Raising
livestock is the oldest and most important industry; beef cattle produce
the most income, but dairy cows, sheep, and poultry have all contributed
to the local economy in the past. Getting cattle to market was difficult.
Until good roads were built in the 1930s, stock was driven some 100
miles north to the railroad at Nephi and later to a Denver and Rio Grande
branch line in Sevier County.