Constitution of the State of Utah

Taken from the Utah Road to Statehood See also modifications

Section 1. [Corporations. Formation. Control.] Corporations may be formed under general laws, but shall not be created by special acts. All laws relating to corporations may be altered, amended or repealed by the Legislature, and all corporations doing business in this State, may, as to such business, be regulated, limited or restrained by law.

Sec. 2. [Existing corporations to accept Constitution.] All existing charters, franchises, special or exclusive privileges, under which an actual and bona fide organization shall not have taken place, and business been commenced in good faith, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall thereafter have no validity; and no corporation in existence at the time of the adoption of this Constitution shall have the benefit of future legislation without first filing in the office of the Secretary of State, an acceptance of the provisions of this Constitution

Sec. 3. [Legislature not to extend or validate franchises.] The Legislature shall not extend any franchise or charter, nor remit the forfeiture of any franchise or charter of any corporation now existing, or which shall hereafter exist under the laws of this State.

Sec. 4. ["Corporation" defined. Suits.] The term "Corporation," as used in this article, shall be construed to include all associations and joint-stock companies having any powers or privileges of corporations not possessed by individuals or partnerships, and all corporations shall have the right to sue, and shall be subject to be sued, in all courts, in like cases as natural persons

Sec. 5. [Corporate stock. Issuance, increase, etc.] Corporations shall not issue stock, except to bona fide subscribers thereof or their assignee, nor shall any corporation issue any bond, or other obligation, for the payment of money, except for money or property received, or labor done. The stock of corporations shall not be increased, except in pursuance of general law, nor shall any law authorize the increase of stock without the consent of the person or persons holding the larger amount in value of the stock, or without due notice of the proposed increase having previously been given in such manner as may be prescribed by law. All fictitious increase of stock or indebtedness shall be void.

Sec. 6. [Privileges of foreign corporations.] No corporations organized outside of this State, shall be allowed to transact business within the State on conditions more favorable than those prescribed by law to similar corporations organized under the laws of this State

Sec. 7. [Limitation on alienation of franchise.] No corporation shall lease or alienate any franchise, so as to relieve the franchise or property held thereunder from the liabilities of the lessor, or grantor, lessee or grantee, contracted or incurred in operation, use or enjoyment of such franchise or any of its privileges.

Sec. 8. [Consent of local authorities necessary to use of streets.] No law shall be passed granting the right to construct and operate a street railroad, telegraph, telephone or electric light plant within any city or incorporated town, without the consent of the local authorities who have control of the street or highway proposed to be occupied for such purposes.

Sec. 9. [Place of business, process agent, etc.] No corporation shall do business in this State, without having one or more places of business, with an authorized agent or agents, upon whom process may be served; nor without first filing a certified copy of its articles of incorporation with the Secretary of State.

Sec. 10. [Corporations limited to authorized objects.] No corporation shall engage in any business other than that expressly authorized in its charter, or articles of incorporation

Sec. 11 [Franchises may be taken for public use.] The exercise of the right of eminent domain shall never be so abridged or construed, as to prevent the Legislature from taking the property and franchises of incorporated companies, and subjecting them to public use the same as the property of individuals.

Sec. 12. [Common carriers.] All railroad and other transportation companies are declared to be common carriers, and subject to legislative control; and such companies shall receive and transport each other's passengers and freight, without discrimination or unnecessary delay.

Sec. 13. [Competing railroads not to consolidate.] No railroad corporation shall consolidate its stock, property or franchises with any other railroad corporation owning a competing line

Sec. 14. [Rolling stock considered personal property.] The rolling stock, and other movable property, belonging to any railroad company or corporation in this State, shall be considered personal property, and shall be liable to taxation and to execution and sale, in the same manner as the personal property of individuals, and such property shall not be exempted from execution and sale.

Sec. 15. [Legislature to prescribe maximum rates. Discriminations.] The Legislature shall pass laws establishing reasonable maximum rates of charges for the transportation of passengers and freight, for correcting abuses, and preventing discrimination and extortion in rates of freight and passenger tariffs by the different railroads, and other common carriers in the State, and shall enforce such laws by adequate penalties.

Sec. 16. [Armed bodies not enter state, when.] No corporation or association shall bring any armed person or bodies of men into this State for the preservation of the peace, or the suppression of domestic trouble without authority of law.

Sec. 17. [Employee of corporation ineligible to municipal office, when.] No officer, employee, attorney or agent of any corporation, company or association doing business under, or by virtue of any municipal charter or franchise, shall be eligible to or permitted to hold any municipal office, in the municipality granting such charter or franchise.

Sec. 18. [Liability of stockholders of banks.] The stockholders in every corporation, and joint stock association for banking purposes, in addition to the amount of capital stock subscribed and fully paid by them, shall be individually responsible for an additional amount, equal to the amount of their stock in such corporation, for all its debts and liabilities of every kind

Sec. 19. [Blacklisting forbidden.] Every person in this State shall be free to obtain employment whenever possible, and any person, corporation, or agent, servant or employee thereof, maliciously interfering or hindering in any way, any person from obtaining, or enjoying employment already obtained, from any other corporation or person, shall be deemed guilty of a crime. The Legislature shall provide by law for the enforcement of this section

Sec. 20. [Trusts and combinations prohibited.] Any combination by individuals, corporations, or associations, having for its object or effect the controlling of the price of any products of the soil, or of any article of manufacture or commerce, or the cost of exchange or transportation, is prohibited, and hereby declared unlawful, and against public policy. The Legislature shall pass laws for the enforcement of this section by adequate penalties, and in case of incorporated companies, if necessary for that purpose, it may declare a forfeiture of their franchise.

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