important colony in southern Utah was at Parowan. This settlement served
the dual purpose of providing a half-way station between southern California
and the Salt Lake Valley and of producing agricultural products to support
an iron enterprise. Near present-day Cedar City, the exploring party
had found a mountain with iron ore, and close to it thousands of acres
of cedar which could be used as fuel. Following a "call" in July 1850,
a company of 167 persons was constituted in December and sent, complete
with equipment and supplies, to Parowan to plant crops and prepare to
work with the pioneer iron mission established at Cedar City later in
the year. Ultimately, the colony was the nucleus of a dozen settlements
made in the region in the early 1850s.
told, ninety settlements were founded in what is now Utah during the
first ten years after the entry into the Salt Lake Valley in July 1847,
from Wellsville and Mendon in the north to Washington and Santa Clara in the south. The founding dates of communities settled in these years
which eventually became important population centers are Salt Lake City (1847), Bountiful (1847), Ogden (1848), West Jordan (1848), Kaysville (1849), Provo (1849), Manti (1849), Tooele (1849), Parowan (1851), Brigham
City (1851), Nephi (1851), Fillmore (1851), Cedar City (1851), Beaver (1856), Wellsville (1856), and Washington (1856).