the third decade, 1868-1877, a total of ninety-three new settlements
were established in Utah; important communities included Manila, in
the northeastern corner of the state (1869); Kanab in southern Utah
(1870); Randolph in the mountains east of Bear Lake (1870); Sandy (1870); Escalante (1875); and Price (1877). Continued expansion occurred in
the Cache and Bear Lake valleys, the central and upper Sevier River area, and on the east fork of the Virgin River. An Indian farming mission
was established at what is now Ibapah in western Tooele County. The
Muddy River settlements of the 1860s, which were thought to have been
in Utah, were found to be in Nevada. When Nevada demanded back taxes,
many of the settlers moved to Long Valley in southern Utah, where they
established Orderville in 1875.
important colonization effort was the movement in 1877 of some of the
residents of Sanpete County across the eastern mountains into Castle
Valley in Emery County, along the Price River in Carbon County, the Fremont River in Wayne County, and Escalante Creek in Garfield County.
Other important new colonies were founded in such unlikely spots as
the San Juan County in southeastern Utah, Rabbit Valley (Wayne County)
in central Utah, and remote areas in the mountains of northern Utah.
Some of these were founded in the same spirit, and with the same type
of organization and institutions, as those founded in the 1850s and
1860s: the colonies moved as a group, with church approval; the village
form of settlement prevailed; canals were built by cooperative labor
and village lots were parceled out in community drawings. Some of the
colonies were given tithing and other assistance from the LDS Church.